Lessons from the Southern Enlargement of the EU for the Environmental Dimensions of Eastern Enlargement, in Particular for Poland

26 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2001

See all articles by Onno Kuik

Onno Kuik

VU University Amsterdam - Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM)

Frans H. Oosterhuis

Vrije University IVM

Date Written: July 2001

Abstract

This paper analyses the environmental dimensions the past accession of Greece, Portugal and Spain to the EU in order to draw lessons for the current accession of countries of Central and Eastern Europe. A distinction is made between scale, composition and technique effects. Two major conclusions are drawn. First, the impacts of accession differed significantly among accession countries, due to economic, social, political and geographical factors. Second, the composition effect was relatively unimportant and the technique effect was positive due to the modernisation of production and the implementation of the environmental acquis. A negative scale effect dominated in the areas of consumption and transport. Accession also led to growing disparities at the regional level. At the time of accession, Greece, Portugal and Spain showed similarities with present-day Eastern European countries. Lessons from the southern enlargement are drawn for the current accession, in particular for Poland.

Keywords: EU enlargement, environment

JEL Classification: F15, F18, Q20

Suggested Citation

Kuik, Onno and Oosterhuis, Frans H., Lessons from the Southern Enlargement of the EU for the Environmental Dimensions of Eastern Enlargement, in Particular for Poland (July 2001). FEEM Working Paper No. 59.2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=281909 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.281909

Onno Kuik (Contact Author)

VU University Amsterdam - Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) ( email )

De Boelelaan 1085
Amsterdam, 1081 HV
Netherlands
+31 20 5989513 (Phone)
+31 20 5989553 (Fax)

Frans H. Oosterhuis

Vrije University IVM

De Boelelaan 1115
Amsterdam, 1081 HV
Netherlands

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