Remittances and Microenterprises in Mexico
UCSD, Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies Working Paper
40 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2001
Date Written: August 14, 2001
Does access to capital lead to more robust investment in small scale enterprises in developing economies? We examine the effect of capital constraints on investment levels of microenterprises in Mexico. We use a survey of more than 6000 small firms located in 44 urban areas of Mexico. We focus on one important source of investment capital for Mexican entrepreneurs: earnings from migration by the owner or family members working in the United States. We estimate that remittances are responsible for almost 20% of the capital invested in microenterprises throughout urban Mexico, an additional cumulative investment capital among the firms represented by our sample of about $1.85 billion. Within the ten states with the highest rate of migration to the United States, we estimate that almost than a third of the capital invested in microenterprises is associated with remittances. In additional to showing the importance of remittances in microenterprise development, the findings suggest that access to capital is an important factor in enterprise development.
Keywords: Capital constraints, Migration, remittances, microenterprise finance
JEL Classification: F2, G3, O1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation