Education, HIV Status and Risky Sexual Behavior: How Much Does the Stage of the HIV Epidemic Matter?

55 Pages Posted: 11 Aug 2016 Last revised: 8 Nov 2016

See all articles by Daniela Iorio

Daniela Iorio

Autonomous University of Barcelona - Department of Economics and Economic History

Raül Santaeulàlia-Llopis

UAB and Barcelona GSE

Date Written: November 7, 2016

Abstract

We study the relationship between education and HIV status using nationally representative data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in Sub-Saharan Africa. First, we construct an innovative algorithm that systematically defines aggregate stages of the HIV epidemic in a comparable manner across time and across space. Second, we exploit the variation in the aggregate HIV stages in the DHS data, and find that the education gradient in HIV shows a U-shaped (positive-zero-positive) pattern over the course of the epidemic. Further, educational disparities in the number of extramarital partners are largely consistent with the evolution of the education gradient in HIV. We propose a simple theoretical model of risky sex choices that accounts for these stylized facts.

Keywords: HIV, Education, Risky Sex, Stages of the Epidemic

JEL Classification: O1, I1

Suggested Citation

Iorio, Daniela and Santaeulalia-Llopis, Raul, Education, HIV Status and Risky Sexual Behavior: How Much Does the Stage of the HIV Epidemic Matter? (November 7, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2820991 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2820991

Daniela Iorio

Autonomous University of Barcelona - Department of Economics and Economic History ( email )

Edifici B
Bellaterra, 08193
Spain

Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis (Contact Author)

UAB and Barcelona GSE ( email )

Plaza Civica, s/n
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://r-santaeulalia.net

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