Informal Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies: The Impacts of Starting Up Unregistered on Firm Performance
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, DOI: 10.1111/etap.12238
27 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2016
Date Written: August 11, 2016
To advance understanding of the entrepreneurship process in developing economies, this article evaluates whether registered enterprises that initially avoid the cost of registration, and focus their resources on overcoming other liabilities of newness, lay a stronger foundation for subsequent growth. Analyzing World Bank Enterprise Survey data across 127 countries, and controlling for other firm performance determinants, registered enterprises that started up unregistered and spent longer operating unregistered are revealed to have significantly higher subsequent annual sales, employment, and productivity growth rates compared with those that registered from the outset. The theoretical and policy implications are then discussed.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, informal economy, informal sector, development economics, economic development, shadow economy
JEL Classification: H26, J48, J46, K34, K42, O17
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation