Does Higher Education Contribute to a Change in Attitudes to Government Price Control in Russia?

28 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2016 Last revised: 7 Apr 2017

See all articles by John V. Nye

John V. Nye

George Mason University - Department of Economics; National Research University Higher School of Economics

Maksym Bryukhanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Sergiy Polyachenko

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: August 15, 2016

Abstract

Does the educational process itself transform an individual’s world outlook towards pro-market values in transition? Much evidence indicates that education correlates with liberal values. However, it is not clear whether this association is the result of selection into education or whether education itself makes people liberal as education and liberal values both are linked to unobservable characteristics such as cognitive abilities, household traits, and the social environment, implying biased ordinary least squares estimates. We employ unique data from 2 waves of the Russian Longitudinal Measurement Survey (RLMS) which contains individual attitudes towards government price control. To overcome the issue of the mutual correlation of liberal values, education, and predetermined and time stable characteristics (fixed effects), we use regressions in first-differences. A negative link between obtaining higher education and support for government price control is documented. The results are also robust to different indicators of the dependent variable and for different sub-samples. Additionally, based on a cross-section sample, we provide evidence that the psychodynamic channel of educational impact on pro-market attitudes is important: white-collar occupations can be considered as insurance against possible market price shocks. The liberal effect of education shows the importance of research on educational policy in the process of the formation of pro-market attitudes in Russia and in other transition economies.

Keywords: market economy, values, education, Russia, attitudes, RLMS

JEL Classification: P10, I23

Suggested Citation

Nye, John V. C. and Bryukhanov, Maksym and Polyachenko, Sergiy, Does Higher Education Contribute to a Change in Attitudes to Government Price Control in Russia? (August 15, 2016). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 146/EC/2016; GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 16-40. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2823452 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2823452

John V. C. Nye

George Mason University - Department of Economics ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States
703-993-4272 (Phone)

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Maksym Bryukhanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Sergiy Polyachenko (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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