Holding Up Half the Sky? Ethno-Gender Labour Market Outcomes in China
Journal of Contemporary China 28 (2019)
23 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2016 Last revised: 18 Oct 2018
Date Written: 2019
Studies looking at gender and ethnic minority outcomes in China’s labour market have generally suggested that women and minorities are separately experiencing a wage disadvantage relative to males and the Han majority respectively. But, what is the experience of this combined cohort, ethnic minority women? Using data from China’s 2005 one percent mini-census, we discern ethno-gender labour market outcomes by factoring education, labour force participation, working hours, age, family structure (e.g. married, number of dependents) and geography (e.g. urban/rural, bordering province). We surprisingly find that ethnic minority women are less disadvantaged in the labour market than Han women. This is largely due to smaller penalties linked to marriage and having children.
Keywords: Ethnic Minorities, Gender, Labour Market, Wage Gap, China
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