'Gimme Shelter': The Role of Democracy and Institutional Quality in Disaster Preparedness

31 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2016

See all articles by Tove Ahlbom

Tove Ahlbom

Göteborg University, Department of Political Science, Students

Marina Povitkina

Göteborg University, Department of Political Science, Students

Date Written: August 2016

Abstract

Natural disasters cause suffering for millions of people around the globe every year and as climate change unfolds the likelihood of natural catastrophes is increasing. While weather shocks, such as earthquakes, tornadoes, and floods are beyond our control, a governments’ capacity to protect populations largely determines the degree of human suffering in disasters. Democracies, with freedom of speech, broad public participation and representation, are believed to protect their populations better than non-democratic regimes. However, democratic institutions are insufficient for securing protection from disasters in contexts of corruption, poor planning and public administration incompetence. We argue that the effect of democracy on the extent of human suffering in disasters is contingent on the ability of governments to implement their tasks or the quality of implementing institutions. We test this interaction hypothesis using time series cross-sectional data from the Varieties of Democracy project, the Quality of Government dataset and data from the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters. The results show that more democracy is associated with fewer people being affected by natural disasters only in settings where institutional quality is high. When institutional quality is low, more people seem to suffer in democracies than in authoritarian states.

Keywords: democracy, institutional quality, vulnerability, natural disasters

Suggested Citation

Ahlbom, Tove and Povitkina, Marina, 'Gimme Shelter': The Role of Democracy and Institutional Quality in Disaster Preparedness (August 2016). V-Dem Working Paper 2016:35, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2824374 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2824374

Tove Ahlbom (Contact Author)

Göteborg University, Department of Political Science, Students ( email )

Box 711
Göteborg
Sweden

Marina Povitkina

Göteborg University, Department of Political Science, Students ( email )

Box 711
Göteborg
Sweden

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
64
Abstract Views
501
rank
405,459
PlumX Metrics