Angolan Asylum in the Netherlands: Russian Perestroika, Romanian Poverty and Congolese Importers
27 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2016
Date Written: August 16, 2016
From 1998 to 2002 almost 10.000 Angolans applied for asylum in the Netherlands. This paper discusses various international historical, political and economic factors that have shaped and influenced this migration process. The study indicates that the migration systems approach can have an added value to get a more thorough understanding in what way migration patterns are shaped. It is argued that economic and political shifts at a macro-level such as the fall of communism, the creation of one Schengen territory and trade in second hand goods can help explain why Angolans at a certain moment started considering to apply for asylum in Europe. The shared colonial history and strong economic and political ties between Angola and Portugal can explain why and how so many Angolans could enter ‘fortress’ Europe. There are strong indications that the Angolan case may have a more general logic.
Keywords: ANGOLA, THE NETHERLANDS, ASYLUM, IRREGULAR MIGRATION, SYSTEMS THEORY, PUSH-PULL PARADIGM, VISA
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation