The Who, When, and Where of Executive Nominations: Integrating Agency Independence and Appointee Ideology

Forthcoming, American Journal of Political Science

61 Pages Posted: 21 Aug 2016 Last revised: 15 Mar 2018

See all articles by Gary Hollibaugh

Gary Hollibaugh

University of Notre Dame - Department of Political Science

Lawrence S. Rothenberg

University of Rochester - Department of Political Science

Date Written: December 14, 2017

Abstract

In recent years, scholars have expended considerable efforts to understand the executive appointment process and the forces influencing the choices made by the President and the Senate. However, some factors integral to theoretical models have not been well-integrated empirically, and other relevant factors have not been incorporated much at all. Here, we focus on one determinant corresponding to the former critique— nominee ideology—and another corresponding to the latter—the independence of decision-makers in the targeted agencies. We examine a series of theoretically-driven hypotheses regarding the effects of both ideology and independence on who gets nominated and if and when nominees are eventually confirmed. Results show nominee ideology and decision-maker independence matter a great deal and factor into Presidential strategic choices and Senatorial responses in ways according to expectations. Our findings have important ramifications for understanding appointments empirically and for future theoretical development.

Keywords: executive nominations, separation of powers, duration models, split-population models

JEL Classification: D7, D70, D72, D73

Suggested Citation

Hollibaugh, Gary and Rothenberg, Lawrence S., The Who, When, and Where of Executive Nominations: Integrating Agency Independence and Appointee Ideology (December 14, 2017). Forthcoming, American Journal of Political Science. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2824904 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2824904

Gary Hollibaugh (Contact Author)

University of Notre Dame - Department of Political Science ( email )

2060 Jenkins Nanovic Halls
Notre Dame, IN 46556
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.garyhollibaugh.com

Lawrence S. Rothenberg

University of Rochester - Department of Political Science ( email )

Rochester, NY 14627
United States
585-273-4903 (Phone)

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