Enhancing ICT for Inclusive Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 118(May), pp. 44-54 (April, 2017)
25 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2016 Last revised: 10 Apr 2017
Date Written: August 17, 2016
This study assesses if increasing information and communication technology (ICT) enhances inclusive human development in a sample of 49 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa for the period 2000-2012. The empirical evidence present in this study, is based on instrumental variable Tobit regressions, in order to account for simultaneity and the limited range in the dependent variable. In the interest of increasing room for policy implications and controlling for the unobserved heterogeneity, the analysis is decomposed into the fundamental characteristics that human development based on: income levels, legal origins, religious denominations, political stability, landlockedness and resource-wealth. Our findings show that policies designed to boost ICT (mobile phone, internet, telephone) penetration will increase inclusive development in the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. The degree of positive responsiveness of inclusive development to ICT varies across fundamental characteristics of human development and ICT dynamics. The study has substantial policy relevance because the adoption and/or penetration rate of ICT can be influenced by policy to achieve inclusive development outcomes. Further policy implications are also discussed.
Keywords: ICT; Inclusive human development; Africa
JEL Classification: G20; I10; I32; O40; O55
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation