Women's Enfranchisement and Children's Education: The Long-Run Impact of the U.S. Suffrage Movement

67 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2016  

Esra Kose

University of California, Davis

Elira Kuka

Southern Methodist University (SMU)

Na'ama Shenhav

Dartmouth College

Abstract

While a growing literature has shown that empowering women leads to increased short-term investments in children, little is known about its long-term effects. We investigate the effect of women's political empowerment on children's human capital accumulation by exploiting plausibly exogenous variation in U.S. state and federal suffrage laws. We estimate that exposure to women's suffrage during childhood leads to large increases in educational attainment for children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, in particular blacks and Southern whites. An investigation into the mechanisms behind these effects suggests that the educational gains are plausibly driven by the rise in public expenditures following suffrage.

Keywords: women empowerment, suffrage, education

JEL Classification: I21, N32

Suggested Citation

Kose, Esra and Kuka, Elira and Shenhav, Na'ama, Women's Enfranchisement and Children's Education: The Long-Run Impact of the U.S. Suffrage Movement. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10148. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2826982

Esra Kose (Contact Author)

University of California, Davis ( email )

Elira Kuka

Southern Methodist University (SMU) ( email )

6212 Bishop Blvd.
Dallas, TX 75275
United States

Na'ama Shenhav

Dartmouth College ( email )

Hanover, NH 03755
United States

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