Career Breaks after Childbirth: The Impact of Family Leave Reforms in the Czech Republic

59 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2016

See all articles by Alena Bicakova

Alena Bicakova

CERGE-EI, Prague

Klára Kalíšková

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI, a joint workplace of Charles University and the Economics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences

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Abstract

The Czech Republic is a country with a strong attachment of women to the labor market, but with one of the longest paid family leaves, which is often followed by a spell of unemployment. Using a difference-in-differences methodology, we study the impact of two reforms of the duration of the parental allowance on the labor market status of mothers 2 to 7 years after childbirth. While the 1995 reform prolonged the allowance from 3 to 4 years, the 2008 reform allowed some parents to shorten the duration of the allowance to only 2 or 3 years with an equivalent total monetary amount. The impact of the reforms on the length of women's career breaks following childbirth is substantial.

Keywords: family leave, female labor supply, unemployment, policy evaluation

JEL Classification: J13, J18, J22

Suggested Citation

Bicakova, Alena and Kalíšková, Klára, Career Breaks after Childbirth: The Impact of Family Leave Reforms in the Czech Republic. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10149, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2826983 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2826983

Alena Bicakova (Contact Author)

CERGE-EI, Prague ( email )

Politickych veznu 7
Prague, 111 21
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz

Klára Kalíšková

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI, a joint workplace of Charles University and the Economics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences ( email )

Politickych veznu 7
Prague, 111 21
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz

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