Dr. Ambedkar's Concept of Social Justice and Indian Constitution Protection for Dalits – A Recent Day Analysis.

10 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2016

Date Written: August 23, 2016

Abstract

Dalits, a modern term for untouchables in India, are underprivileged people in all social, economic, cultural and political fronts of our society which led to their misery, discrimination, exploitation and oppression by the caste dominated social stratification of India. These pitiable conditions of Dalits were seen and addressed by some eminent social and political philosophers like Jyotiba Phule, Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar and others, Dr. Ambedkar who was born in a poor Dalit (schedule caste) family rose to become the chief architect of Indian Constitution. The constitutional text prepared by him provides constitutional guarantees and protection with a wide range of civil liberties for all the Indian citizens. The Constitution of India classifies Dalits as Scheduled Castes (SCs). They are the people who tend to have engage themselves in occupations such as cultivate the land, mend the shoes, wash the clothes, clean the toilets, scavenge the dead animals or unknown human bodies and do all types of menial works, but share the stigmas of untouchability and are frequently denied the any accessibility to eat, smoke and even seat with the members of upper castes. They are often forced to use separate wells and tube wells from those maintained for others. Several Articles in the Indian Constitution are framed to minimize this discrimination of the Dalits. The articles provide equal status to Dalits with other segments of society, abolishment of untouchability and discrimination against them, provisions of fundamental rights to all, equal protection of laws, voting rights and reservation in education, jobs, promotion and political fields to them. Besides these several programs in the form of grants, scholarships, loans, stipend etc. are being provided to Dalits by the States.

Keywords: Indian society, Dalits, Women, Indian Constitution, Articles, Ambedkar, Recent changes

Suggested Citation

Mokshagundam, Preethi, Dr. Ambedkar's Concept of Social Justice and Indian Constitution Protection for Dalits – A Recent Day Analysis. (August 23, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2827994 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2827994

Preethi Mokshagundam (Contact Author)

Varun Group of Company ( email )

802,8th floor, I and J block ,Seashells apartment
Siripuram
Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 530003
India

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