55 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2016
Date Written: 2016-07-06
We offer a model and evidence that private debtholders play a key role in setting the endogenous asset value threshold below which corporations declare bankruptcy. The model, in the spirit of Black and Cox (1976), implies that the recovery rate at emergence from bankruptcy on all of the firm's debt taken together is increasing in the pre-bankruptcy share of private debt in all debt. Empirical evidence supports this and other implications of the model. Indeed, debt composition has a more economically material empirical influence on recovery than all other variables we try taken together.
Keywords: Bankruptcy, Credit risk, Debt default, Recovery rates
JEL Classification: G12, G33, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Carey, Mark and Gordy, Michael B., The Bank as Grim Reaper: Debt Composition and Bankruptcy Thresholds (2016-07-06). FEDS Working Paper No. 2016-069. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2828070 or http://dx.doi.org/10.17016/FEDS.2016.069