Cyber Harm: Concepts, Taxonomy and Measurement

46 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2016 Last revised: 13 Oct 2016

See all articles by Ioannis Agrafiotis

Ioannis Agrafiotis

University of Oxford

Maria Bada

Cambridge Cybercrime Centre

Paul Cornish

University of Oxford - Oxford Martin School

Sadie Creese

University of Oxford

Michael Goldsmith

University of Oxford

Eva Ignatuschtschenko

University of Oxford

Taylor Roberts

University of Oxford

David M. Upton

University of Oxford, Said Business School (deceased)

Date Written: August 1, 2016

Abstract

Coherent, adaptable and durable cybersecurity capacity-building requires a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of harms that can be caused by cyber-events. At the national level, the avoidance and reduction of harm is a central feature in all efforts to develop cybersecurity policy, strategy and capacity. This article offers a taxonomy of cyber harm, which enables a better understanding of how harm is manifested within and outside of cyberspace, and proposes an initial set of metrics and methods to assess cyber harm in national contexts. Based on this framework, a national Cyber Harm Model (CHM) would form the basis for a comprehensive and durable cybersecurity policy by contextualising and validating cybersecurity capacity research that has resulted in the development of the National Cybersecurity Capacity Maturity Model (CMM).

Suggested Citation

Agrafiotis, Ioannis and Bada, Maria and Cornish, Paul and Creese, Sadie and Goldsmith, Michael and Ignatuschtschenko, Eva and Roberts, Taylor and Upton, David M., Cyber Harm: Concepts, Taxonomy and Measurement (August 1, 2016). Saïd Business School WP 2016-23, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2828646 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2828646

Ioannis Agrafiotis

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Maria Bada

Cambridge Cybercrime Centre ( email )

15 JJ Thomson Avenue
William Gates Building
Cambridge, CB3 0FD
United Kingdom

Paul Cornish

University of Oxford - Oxford Martin School

University of Oxford
34 Broad Street
Oxford, OX1 3BD
United Kingdom

Sadie Creese

University of Oxford

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Michael Goldsmith

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Eva Ignatuschtschenko (Contact Author)

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Taylor Roberts

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

David M. Upton

University of Oxford, Said Business School (deceased)

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