Explaining the Dramatic Changes in Performance of U.S. Banks: Technological Change, Deregulation, and Dynamic Changes in Competition
FRB Philadelphia Working Paper No. 01-6
43 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2001
Date Written: April 2001
The authors investigate the effects of technological change, deregulation, and dynamic changes in competition on the performance of U.S. banks. The authors' most striking result is that during 1991-1997, cost productivity worsened while profit productivity improved substantially, particularly for banks engaging in mergers. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that banks tried to maximize profits by raising revenues as well as reducing costs. Banks appeared to provide additional or higher quality services that raised costs but also raised revenues by more than the cost increases. The results suggest that methods that exclude revenues when assessing performance may be misleading.
Keywords: Bank, productivity, efficiency, cost, profit
JEL Classification: G21, G28, E58, E61, F33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation