Governance of Slow-Developing Catastrophic Risks: Fostering Complex Adaptive System and Resilience Thinking
75 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2016 Last revised: 7 Jun 2017
Date Written: December 15, 2015
Slow-Developing Catastrophic Risks (SDCRs) refer to risks, the development of which, though hardly discernible at first or by non-experts, may lead to critical transitions (or regime shifts). As a result, SDCRs can have catastrophic consequences in terms of fatalities or economic losses. Because of their non-imminence and uncertain consequences in the case of critical transitions, it is a challenge for policy makers to deal with them effectively. This review paper synthesizes the key governance issues for SDCRs identified during two multi-stakeholder workshops organised by the International Risk Governance Council, supplemented by literature review of scientific underpinnings and supported by illustrations of real-life SDCRs. The review is organised in three parts, focussing on the evaluation, management, and governance aspects of SDCRs, respectively.
Keywords: slow-developing catastrophic risks, critical transitions, complex adaptive systems, resilience
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