碩士學位論文經變造之後的魔力:刊登在管理評論且升等為國立東華大學企管系教授 (The Magic Power of a Falsified Master-Degree Thesis: Published by Management Review and Promoted as a Professor in the National Dong Hwa University)
Journal of Journal of Sciences & Humanities, 4(2), 1-51, 2017
51 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2016 Last revised: 25 Mar 2017
Date Written: January 25, 2017
Chinese Abstract: 東華大學黃文樞前校長操弄諮商與臨床心理學系教師升等程序，被臺北高等行法院判決違法。在其任內升等教授的蔡裕源前主任秘書則因兼任民間公司董事，被監察院彈劾，至於升等著作被指控違背學術倫理案，則不成立。眾所周知，政府單位遇檢舉交由校方調查是一貫政策，而在大學自治與學術專業掛帥下，校方包庇空間大。有鑑於此，本研究針特別針對非學術專業讀者，撰寫詳細之比對說明蔡裕源升等代表作是如何改寫自合著者的碩士論文。本研究證明爭議著作之學術品質在形式上，不足以區別於合著者的碩士論文之外而自成獨立成果；在實質上，更存在變造自碩士論文的嫌疑。輕度變造嫌疑者，研究樣本、方法相同，計量結果卻不一致。重度變造嫌疑者，研究樣本、方法、計量結果皆相同，卻顯著性係數系統性的折半，試圖膨脹研究結果的重要性。本研究作者相信，此案例僅是冰山一角，因此大聲呼籲，研究首重誠實，次為努力過程，然後忠實紀錄，貢獻於人類智慧的累積。相反的，若為了將結果發表於期刊，而變造研究成果，則不僅傷害學術，也將留下無法抹去的負面痕跡。
English Abstract: Wen-Shu Hwang, the former President of NDHU, was deemed to have acted illegally by the Taipei High Administrative Court for his manipulation of the promotion procedure involving a member of the Department of Counseling & Clinical Psychology. Incidentally, Yuh-Yuan Tsai, the former Secretariat of NDHU, was promoted to professor during Hwang’s administration, and was impeached by the Control Yuan for simultaneously acting as an independent director for a business firm. However, the Control Yuan affirmed the innocent conclusion made by NDHU on another case. Namely, that Tsai was accused of violating academic ethics for promoting to the position of professor. It is well known that the government authority always refers such cases when a scholar is accused of academic misconduct to the relevant university. Under the pretext of university self-governance and academic professionalism, the accused in academic misconduct cases are usually dealt with internally by the universities involved. This study is targeted at readers from non-academic backgrounds, and elucidates step-by-step how Tsai’s work was adapted from the master-degree thesis of his coauthor. We prove that Tsai’s work is not qualified as an independent work distinct from the thesis. Moreover, we specify anomalies between the results of the two works, raising suspicion that some contents has been falsified. For example, instances where the same samples and methodologies product different numerical results. Some instances are deeply suspicious. For example, instances where the same samples, the same methodologies, and the same methodologies, the same numerical results render different significance levels. The significance coefficients of Tsai are systematically half of those found in the master thesis. We believe that this case is merely the tip of the iceberg. Research must be founded on the principles of honesty, diligence, and forthright documentation, which in turn contributes to the accumulation of human knowledge. Conversely, when a scholar falsifies his or her work in order to get it published in a journal, it not only tarnishes the reputation of the academics involved, but leaves an eternal stain on academia in general.
Note: Downloadable document is available in Chinese.
Keywords: Outsourcing, transaction cost, resource-based view, falsification, plagiarism, academic ethics, Management Review, Wen-shu Hwang
JEL Classification: A23, K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation