The European Migration Crisis (2011-2015): A Crisis of Failed and Fragile States

37 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2016  

Binneh S. Minteh

Rutgers University, Newark Campus

Date Written: April 7, 2016


The surge in migrants seeking protection across Europe has been described as the second largest movement of people since the end of World War II. Prominent among the migrants are displaced citizens from the conflicts of Syria, Libya and Iraq. These situations represent Anarchy characterized by powerfully armed groups operating as central authorities under abysmal conditions. Millions of citizens are therefore displaced and forced to flee in search of safety and protection. Libyan, Iraqi and Syrian cities and towns once known for vibrancy are now ghost towns in total ruins with charred remains of death bodies and no safe drinking water or electricity to support livelihood. Using clearly defined theoretical and empirical analysis, the paper show that said failure and fragility coupled with the international community's failure to effectively respond to displaced citizens caught in these conflicts have led to mass migration of refugees across most of Europe.

Keywords: Displacement, Refugees, Violence, Conflict, Fragile and Failed State

Suggested Citation

Minteh, Binneh S., The European Migration Crisis (2011-2015): A Crisis of Failed and Fragile States (April 7, 2016). Available at SSRN: or

Binneh S. Minteh (Contact Author)

Rutgers University, Newark Campus ( email )

123 Washington Street, 5th Floor
Newark, NJ 07102
United States

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