Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2832440
 


 



An American Reset ― Safe Water & a Workable Model of Federalism


Cara Cunningham Warren


University of Detroit Mercy School of Law; University of Toronto Faculty of Law

2016

Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, December 2016, Forthcoming

Abstract:     
In 2015, at least 3.9 million Americans were exposed to lead in their drinking water at legally unacceptable levels. An additional 18 million Americans are at risk because their water systems are not in compliance with federal rules designed to detect the presence and to ameliorate the impact of lead contamination. What’s more, in 82% of the cases where the violation related to a health standard, no formal state or federal enforcement action was taken.

These startling statistics indicate that the Flint Water Crisis is not an isolated event. In fact, it is a case study that might explain these statistics. For those who care to see, Flint Water reveals a fault line within our cooperative federalism model: We are relying on an increasingly inappropriate power structure to guarantee the safety of our water supply, one that places the heaviest burden on the least powerful actor — the water supplier. This article proposes a ‘reset’ of the model in order to achieve safe water and government accountability.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 74

Keywords: Federalism, Flint Water, Safe Drinking Water Act


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Date posted: September 6, 2016 ; Last revised: November 15, 2016

Suggested Citation

Cunningham Warren, Cara, An American Reset ― Safe Water & a Workable Model of Federalism (2016). Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, December 2016, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2832440

Contact Information

Cara Cunningham Warren (Contact Author)
University of Detroit Mercy School of Law ( email )
651 E. Jefferson
Detroit, MI 48226
United States
University of Toronto Faculty of Law ( email )
Toronto
Canada
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