Mass Youth Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa (2002-2015): An Assessment of the European Union Action Plan

Annual ASMEA Conference, 2016

29 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2016 Last revised: 17 Aug 2018

See all articles by Binneh S. Minteh

Binneh S. Minteh

Rutgers University, Newark Campus

Date Written: November 10, 2015


Over the last decade, European governments and international organizations have increasingly turn attention on the deaths of thousands of young Sub-Saharan Africans undertaking perilous journeys to Europe to escape the scourges of poverty, conflict, and leadership and governance failure. The increasing alarm made the phenomenon a major international policy challenge for the European Union (EU) and its African partners. Policy makers, researchers, academics, and civil society organizations have also played an important role in raising awareness. This article provides an assessment of the European Union Action Plan on migration from Sub-Saharan Africa. It argues that European Union control mechanisms have failed to address poverty, conflict and state failure as the root causes of youth migration from Sub-Saharan Africa. To examine the exodus, the paper gives a background of migration trend in the first part. Second, it provides a conceptual analysis of migration, refugees, internal displacement and state failure. Third, the paper analyzes the triggers of migration. Fourth, the paper provides an assessment of the European Union regional wide anti-migration response mechanisms. Fifth, it provides policy recommendations in the context of an international security multidimensional developmental approach.

Keywords: Migration, Conflict, Poverty, Security, Policy, Leadership, Governance

Suggested Citation

Minteh, Binneh S., Mass Youth Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa (2002-2015): An Assessment of the European Union Action Plan (November 10, 2015). Annual ASMEA Conference, 2016, Available at SSRN: or

Binneh S. Minteh (Contact Author)

Rutgers University, Newark Campus ( email )

123 Washington Street, 5th Floor
Newark, NJ 07102
United States

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