Population Aging in India: Facts, Issues, and Options

23 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2016

See all articles by Arunika Agarwal

Arunika Agarwal

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Alyssa Lubet

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Elizabeth Mitgang

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Sanjay Mohanty

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

David E. Bloom

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Abstract

India, one of the world's two population superpowers, is undergoing unprecedented demographic changes. Increasing longevity and falling fertility have resulted in a dramatic increase in the population of adults aged 60 and up, in both absolute and relative terms. This change presents wide-ranging and complex health, social, and economic challenges, both current and future, to which this diverse and heterogeneous country must rapidly adapt. This chapter first lays out the context, scope, and magnitude of India's demographic changes.It then details the major challenges these shifts pose in the interconnected areas of health, especially the massive challenges of a growing burden of noncommunicable diseases; gender, particularly the needs and vulnerabilities of an increasingly female older adult population; and income security. This chapter also presents an overview of India's recent and ongoing initiatives to adapt to population aging and provide support to older adults and their families. It concludes with policy recommendations that may serve as a productive next step forward, keeping in mind the need for urgent and timely action on the part of government, private companies, researchers, and general population.

Keywords: population aging, economic demography, longevity

JEL Classification: J11, J14, N30

Suggested Citation

Agarwal, Arunika and Lubet, Alyssa and Mitgang, Elizabeth and Mohanty, Sanjay and Bloom, David E., Population Aging in India: Facts, Issues, and Options. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10162, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2834212

Arunika Agarwal (Contact Author)

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States

Alyssa Lubet

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States

Elizabeth Mitgang

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States

Sanjay Mohanty

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) ( email )

Govandi Station Road
mumbai, Maharashtra 400088
India

David E. Bloom

Harvard University - T.H. Chan School of Public Health ( email )

677 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States
617-432-0654 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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