Customer Location and the International Reach of National Competition Laws

Japanese Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 59, Forthcoming

19 Pages Posted: 7 Sep 2016  

Tadashi Shiraishi

University of Tokyo - Graduate Schools for Law and Politics

Date Written: September 5, 2016

Abstract

The Customer Location Doctrine is an elaboration of the Effect Doctrine, which has prevailed in most jurisdictions as a guiding principle for controlling the international reach of national competition laws. The Customer Location Doctrine defines the concept of "effect" as "the effect on customers located in the particular jurisdiction". It explains almost all competition law practices, with some internal disputes in cases where some aspects of "customers" (i.e., the decision-maker and product-receiver aspects) belong to different entities located in different jurisdictions. This article examines cases and practices that exemplify and sophisticate the Customer Location Doctrine.

Keywords: Competition Law, Antitrust

JEL Classification: K21, K33

Suggested Citation

Shiraishi, Tadashi, Customer Location and the International Reach of National Competition Laws (September 5, 2016). Japanese Yearbook of International Law, Vol. 59, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2834630

Tadashi Shiraishi (Contact Author)

University of Tokyo - Graduate Schools for Law and Politics ( email )

7-3-1 Hongo Bunkyo-Ku
Tokyo, 113-0033
Japan
+81-3-5841-3127 (Phone)
+81-3-5841-3125 (Fax)

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