Identifying Red Flags and symptoms of fraud

17 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2020

See all articles by Professor Kelly Kingsly

Professor Kelly Kingsly

Regional Advisory Commision on Financial Markets

Date Written: September 4, 2016


When we refer to red flags, it means the various situations or conditions that, over the years, have consistently been shown to be contributing factors to fraud, waste and abuse. By themselves, they don’t necessarily mean anything, but the more that are present, the higher the risk that fraud, waste and abuse is occurring, or could occur.

There are two general categories of offenders – internal and external. Many government programs have external customers, such as contractors, grantees, or others who potentially can misrepresent facts to obtain money they are not entitled to. Internal offenders are people who use their positions within an organization for personal enrichment through the deliberate misuse or misapplication of the organization’s resources or assets. The red flags identified here ought to aid in identifying fraud in both categories of offenders.

Keywords: red flags, venality, racketing, management

Suggested Citation

Kingsly, Professor Kelly Mua, Identifying Red Flags and symptoms of fraud (September 4, 2016). Available at SSRN: or

Professor Kelly Mua Kingsly (Contact Author)

Regional Advisory Commision on Financial Markets ( email )

Libreville, 237
222225470 (Fax)


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