Socioeconomic Determinants of Fertility: A Cross Districts Analysis of Punjab, Pakistan

Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (PJHSS), July–Dec 2016, Volume 4, No. 2, Pages 37–48

11 Pages Posted: 8 Sep 2016 Last revised: 19 Jan 2017

See all articles by Muhammad Qasim

Muhammad Qasim

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E)

Zahid Pervaiz

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E)

Amatul R. Chaudhary

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E)

Date Written: September 7, 2016

Abstract

This study has investigated various socio-economic and demographic determinants of fertility across the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, population density, female literacy rate, employment rate and child mortality have been identified as determinants of fertility by using cross sectional regression. The results of this study indicate that Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and population density have negative and insignificant whereas female literacy rate has negative and significant association with fertility. On the other hand employment rate and child mortality have positive association with fertility. According to results of this study, increase in female education and reduction in child mortality can be helpful to reduce fertility in the districts of Punjab.

Keywords: Fertility, GDP Per Capita, Population Density, Female Literacy, Child Mortality, Employment Rate

JEL Classification: J13, O40, J19, I21, J13, J64

Suggested Citation

Qasim, Muhammad and Pervaiz, Zahid and Chaudhary, Amatul R., Socioeconomic Determinants of Fertility: A Cross Districts Analysis of Punjab, Pakistan (September 7, 2016). Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (PJHSS), July–Dec 2016, Volume 4, No. 2, Pages 37–48 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2835916 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2835916

Muhammad Qasim (Contact Author)

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E) ( email )

40/E-1, Gulberg-III
National College of Business Administration & Econ
Lahore, Punjab 54660
Pakistan

Zahid Pervaiz

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E) ( email )

40/E-1, Gulberg-III
National College of Business Administration & Econ
Lahore, Punjab
Pakistan

Amatul R. Chaudhary

National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E) ( email )

40/E-1, Gulberg-III
National College of Business Administration & Econ
Lahore, Punjab 54660
Pakistan

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