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Prevalence, Economic Contribution, and Determinants of Trees on Farms Across Sub-Saharan Africa

39 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2016  

Daniel Miller

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences (NRES)

Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mora

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES)

Luc Christiaensen

World Bank

Date Written: August 23, 2016

Abstract

Trees on farms are often overlooked in agricultural and natural resource research and policy in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper addresses this gap using data from the Living Standards Measurement Study?Integrated Surveys on Agriculture in five countries: Ethiopia, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. Trees on farms are widespread. On average, one third of rural smallholders grow trees. They account for an average of 17 percent of total annual gross income for tree-growing households and 6 percent for all rural households. Gender, land and labor endowments, and especially forest proximity and national context are key determinants of on-farm tree adoption and management. These new, national-scale insights on the prevalence, economic contribution and determinants of trees on farms in Africa lay the basis for exploring the interaction of agriculture, on-farm tree cultivation, and forestry. This will improve our understanding of rural livelihood dynamics.

Keywords: Inequality, Global Environment

Suggested Citation

Miller, Daniel and Muñoz-Mora, Juan Carlos and Christiaensen, Luc, Prevalence, Economic Contribution, and Determinants of Trees on Farms Across Sub-Saharan Africa (August 23, 2016). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7802. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2836552

Daniel Miller (Contact Author)

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences (NRES) ( email )

United States

Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mora

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES) ( email )

Ave. Franklin D Roosevelt, 50 - C.P. 114
Brussels, B-1050
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.ecares.org/index.php?option=com_comprofiler&task=userProfile&user=276&Itemid=372

Luc Christiaensen

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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