Career Breaks after Childbirth: The Impact of Family Leave Reforms in the Czech Republic

CERGE-EI Working Paper Series No. 568

63 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2016

See all articles by Alena Bicakova

Alena Bicakova

CERGE-EI, Prague

Klára Kalíšková

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI, a joint workplace of Charles University and the Economics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences

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Date Written: August 16, 2016

Abstract

The Czech Republic is a country with a strong attachment of women to the labor market, but with one of the longest paid family leaves, which is often followed by a spell of unemployment. Using a difference–in–differences methodology, we study the impact of two reforms of the duration of the parental allowance on the labor market status of mothers 2–7 years after childbirth. While the 1995 reform prolonged the allowance from 3 to 4 years, the 2008 reform allowed some parents to shorten the duration of the allowance to only 2 or 3 years with an equivalent total monetary amount. The impact of the reforms on the length of women’s career breaks following childbirth is substantial.

Keywords: family leave, female labor supply, unemployment, policy evaluation

JEL Classification: J13, J18, J22

Suggested Citation

Bicakova, Alena and Kalíšková, Klára, Career Breaks after Childbirth: The Impact of Family Leave Reforms in the Czech Republic (August 16, 2016). CERGE-EI Working Paper Series No. 568, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2837342 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2837342

Alena Bicakova (Contact Author)

CERGE-EI, Prague ( email )

Politickych veznu 7
Prague, 111 21
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz

Klára Kalíšková

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI, a joint workplace of Charles University and the Economics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences ( email )

Politickych veznu 7
Prague, 111 21
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz

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