21 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2001
Date Written: September 2001
Physical stature is used as a proxy for the biological standard of living in the two Germanies before and after unification in an analysis of a cross-sectional sample (1998) of adult heights, as well as among military recruits of the 1990s. West Germans tended to be taller than East Germans throughout the period under consideration. Contrary to official proclamations of a classless society, there were substantial differences in physical stature in East-Germany. Social differences in height were greater in the East among females, and less among males than in the West. Spatial inequality was greater in the East than in the West, pointing to the relatively underdeveloped nature of the East-German rural sector. The difficulties experienced by the East-German population after 1961 is evident in the increase in social inequality of physical stature thereafter, as well as in the increasing gap relative to the height of the West-German population. After unification, however, there is a tendency for East-German males, but not of females, to catch up with their West-German counterparts.
Keywords: Living Standards, Welfare, Socialism, Capitalism, Transformation
JEL Classification: I31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Komlos, John and Kriwy, Peter, The Biological Standard of Living in the Two Germanies (September 2001). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 560. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=283736