Exploring University-Industry Technology Transfer in India: Two Models

20 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2016

See all articles by Francis Kuriakose

Francis Kuriakose

Erasmus University Rotterdam

Deepa Iyer

University of Cambridge, Students

Date Written: September 13, 2016


The purpose of this paper is to understand the influence of policy environment on development of technology transfer in university industry linkage in India. This study reviews literature on design perspectives of university spin offs including large scale survey of Indian universities, cross national comparisons and analysis of documents from professional bodies. There is evidence that policy environment is composed of structures that influence the implementation of a design. There is a policy shift that favoured indigenous state led technology transfer to private partnership in technology transfer in India. The opening of the Indian economy introduced policy environment favouring entrepreneurship. Two models of technology transfer in university-industry are proposed. The type I model is a technology push process that results in an IPR based regime where as the type II is a business pull model that favours university spin offs. Unlike the linear model of growth of technology transfer in the West, there has been a persistent divide between the sub systems of intellectual property and entrepreneurship in India. Research into the environment that designs a policy outcome in academic entrepreneurship may offer a template for a system that co-opts both IPR and entrepreneurship. Indian universities have been analysed for performance based on their traditional role in academics. The non traditional roles like technology transfer have been evaluated only through comparative case studies. This research fills the gap by giving an overview of the Indian scene and proposes theoretical models to understand them.

Keywords: Academic entrepreneurship, University spin offs, Technology transfer, India

JEL Classification: O31, O32, O33

Suggested Citation

Kuriakose, Francis and Iyer, Deepa, Exploring University-Industry Technology Transfer in India: Two Models (September 13, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2838103 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2838103

Francis Kuriakose (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062

Deepa Iyer

University of Cambridge, Students ( email )

United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.cam.ac.uk

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