Affordable Housing and the Socioeconomic Integration of Elementary Schools
29 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2016 Last revised: 19 Sep 2017
Date Written: July 9, 2017
Children from poor families achieve more academically if they are enrolled in schools that are socioeconomically integrated, but low-income students are increasingly attending schools characterized by high concentrations of poverty. Providing more housing opportunities for low-income families within the attendance zones of middle- and high-income schools has the potential to reverse this trend, but the link between the housing stock and the socioeconomic segregation of public schools has not been addressed in the existing literature. Using a panel of elementary schools in Florida, we show that increasing the stock of rental and affordable housing units in middle- and high-income neighborhoods has an important effect on the number of poor children attending these schools. Our results also reveal the types of housing units that have the largest impacts on socioeconomic segregation.
Keywords: School Segregation, Housing Affordability, Academic Achievement of Poor Children
JEL Classification: R00, I24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation