Affordable Housing and the Socioeconomic Integration of Elementary Schools

29 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2016 Last revised: 19 Sep 2017

See all articles by Keith R. Ihlanfeldt

Keith R. Ihlanfeldt

Florida State University - Department of Economics

Tom Mayock

UNC Charlotte; Government of the United States of America - Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)

Date Written: July 9, 2017

Abstract

Children from poor families achieve more academically if they are enrolled in schools that are socioeconomically integrated, but low-income students are increasingly attending schools characterized by high concentrations of poverty. Providing more housing opportunities for low-income families within the attendance zones of middle- and high-income schools has the potential to reverse this trend, but the link between the housing stock and the socioeconomic segregation of public schools has not been addressed in the existing literature. Using a panel of elementary schools in Florida, we show that increasing the stock of rental and affordable housing units in middle- and high-income neighborhoods has an important effect on the number of poor children attending these schools. Our results also reveal the types of housing units that have the largest impacts on socioeconomic segregation.

Keywords: School Segregation, Housing Affordability, Academic Achievement of Poor Children

JEL Classification: R00, I24

Suggested Citation

Ihlanfeldt, Keith and Mayock, Tom, Affordable Housing and the Socioeconomic Integration of Elementary Schools (July 9, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2838401 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2838401

Keith Ihlanfeldt

Florida State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Tallahassee, FL 30306-2180
United States

Tom Mayock (Contact Author)

UNC Charlotte ( email )

Charlotte, NC 28223
United States

Government of the United States of America - Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) ( email )

400 7th St Sw
Washington, DC 20219-0001
United States

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