Muslim Youth Unemployment and Expat Jihadism - Bored to Death?

34 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2016 Last revised: 15 Dec 2017

See all articles by Moamen Gouda

Moamen Gouda

Graduate School of International and Area Studies (GSIAS), Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS); Marburg Center for Institutional Economics

Marcus Marktanner

Kennesaw State University - Michael J. Coles College of Business

Date Written: December 14, 2017

Abstract

Empirical studies analyzing the push factors of expat jihadism are scarce and typically give contradictory results. We hypothesize that youth unemployment, as opposed to overall unemployment, is a significant determinant of foreign fighters flow to join Islamic State (IS). Moreover, we also consider the interaction between youth unemployment and the Muslim population share as another meaningful variables affecting expat jihadism. Controlling for several variables including gross domestic product per capita; Gini; geographical proximity; the share of manufactures and services as a percentage of GDP; Polity score; and fractionalization, we provide strong evidence for the hypothesis that Muslim youth unemployment is a driver of expat jihadism not only for Muslim-majority countries, but globally.

Keywords: Terrorism, expat jihadism, youth unemployment, Islamic State, foreign fighters, ISIS recruitment

JEL Classification: D74, F51, F52, H56, J61

Suggested Citation

Gouda, Moamen and Marktanner, Marcus, Muslim Youth Unemployment and Expat Jihadism - Bored to Death? (December 14, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2838796 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2838796

Moamen Gouda (Contact Author)

Graduate School of International and Area Studies (GSIAS), Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS) ( email )

270 Imun-Dong
Dongdaemun-Gu
Seoul, 130-791
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/moamengoudaecon/

Marburg Center for Institutional Economics ( email )

Universitätsstrasse 24
Marburg, D-35032
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-marburg.de/fb02/macie/index_html?set_language=en

Marcus Marktanner

Kennesaw State University - Michael J. Coles College of Business ( email )

560 Parliament Garden Way
Kennesaw, GA 30144
United States

HOME PAGE: http://coles.kennesaw.edu/faculty/marktanner-marcus.php

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