Barriers to Skill Acquisition: Evidence from English Training in India

33 Pages Posted: 19 Sep 2016

See all articles by Tarun Jain

Tarun Jain

Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad

Pushkar Maitra

Monash University - Department of Economics

Subha Mani

Fordham University - Fordham College at Rose Hill

Abstract

Skill development is increasingly viewed as a way to escape the low education – high unemployment trap in developing countries. Consequently, policy makers in these countries are extensively investing in skill development programs. However, participation and completion rates in many of these programs remains low. This paper investigates factors that prevent individuals from acquiring spoken English, an important skill with potentially high returns in the labor market. Using data from a field experiment in India that subsidizes the cost of learning spoken English, we find that full subsidy (compared to partial or no subsidy) positively effects the probability of participating in a spoken English training program. Conversely, distance to the training center, pre-existing knowledge of spoken English, and past enrollment in a similar course act as significant barriers to take-up. These findings suggest that multidimensional policy solutions are required to overcome the barriers to skill development in developing countries.

Keywords: skill development, vocational training, spoken English, field experiment, India

JEL Classification: I25, J24, J44

Suggested Citation

Jain, Tarun and Maitra, Pushkar and Mani, Subha, Barriers to Skill Acquisition: Evidence from English Training in India. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10199. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2840143

Tarun Jain (Contact Author)

Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad ( email )

Pushkar Maitra

Monash University - Department of Economics ( email )

Wellington Road
Clayton, Victoria 3
Australia
61 3 9905 5832 (Phone)
61 3 9905 5476 (Fax)

Subha Mani

Fordham University - Fordham College at Rose Hill ( email )

United States

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