Trade and the Environment: New Methods, Measurements, and Results
55 Pages Posted: 20 Sep 2016 Last revised: 7 Nov 2022
Date Written: September 2016
We review recent research linking international trade to the environment, with a focus on new results and methods. The review is given structure by a novel decomposition linking changes in emissions to changes in productive activity at the plant, firm, industry, and national levels. While some new results have emerged from the application of a Melitz-style approach to trade and the environment, its full potential has not yet been exploited. We discuss existing empirical and theoretical work, introduce three new hypotheses, and suggest paths for future researchers to follow.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation