Effect of Bilingual Education on Academic Achievement: Evidence from India

32 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2016

See all articles by Debashrita Mohapatra

Debashrita Mohapatra

University of Essex, Department of Economics, Students

Date Written: September 6, 2016


The research question of this study focuses on the effect of the medium of instruction in schools on the academic achievement of the students. This is an important policy question in a multilingual country like India, where in some schools the medium of instruction is English and in some other schools, the instruction is in the local language. The study uses the 'Young Lives International Survey on Childhood Poverty's' School Level data in India to investigate this question.

The sample study consists of 870 young lives students from different types of schools in Andhra Pradesh district of India. The data contains information regarding the schools, teachers and households characteristics along with the child's information. The academic achievement of the students is evaluated on the basis of Mathematics test and English language test conducted by Young lives studies.

This paper gives suggestive evidence that bilingual medium schools are more beneficial for students as compared to monolingual schools. The study does not find any significant effect of a particular language on mathematics score. Rather it finds that a combination of the medium of instructions in schools helps in improving student’s academic achievement.

Keywords: bilingual, education, medium of instruction, India, Telugu, English, English medium, academic acheivement, young lives survey, young lives, school survey

Suggested Citation

Mohapatra, Debashrita, Effect of Bilingual Education on Academic Achievement: Evidence from India (September 6, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2840830

Debashrita Mohapatra (Contact Author)

University of Essex, Department of Economics, Students ( email )

United Kingdom

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