Secular Stagnation? Growth, Asset Returns and Welfare in the Next Decades: First Results
SAFE Working Paper No. 145
41 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2016
Date Written: September 8, 2016
Ongoing demographic change will lead to a relative scarcity of raw labor to the effect that output growth will be decreasing in the next decades, a secular stagnation. As physical capital will be relatively abundant, this decrease of output will be accompanied by reductions of asset returns. We quantify these effects for the US economy by developing an overlapping generations model with risky and risk-free assets. Without adjustments of human capital, risky returns decrease until 2035 by about 0.7 percentage point, and the risk-free rate by about one percentage point, leading to substantial welfare losses for asset rich households. Per capita output is reduced by 6%. Endogenous human capital adjustments strongly mitigate these effects. We conclude that human capital policies will be crucial in the context of labor shortages.
Keywords: secular stagnation, demographic change, overlapping generations, natural rate, equity premium, growth, welfare, human capital
JEL Classification: E17, C68, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation