Discrimination Against Female Migrants Wearing Headscarves

29 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2016

See all articles by Doris Weichselbaumer

Doris Weichselbaumer

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics


Germany is currently experiencing a high influx of Muslim migrants. From a policy perspective, integration of migrants into the labor market is crucial. Hence, a field experiment was conducted that examined the employment chances of females with backgrounds of migration from Muslim countries, and especially of those wearing headscarves. It focused on Turkish migrants, who have constituted a large demographic group in Germany since the1970s. In the field experiment presented here, job applications for three fictitious female characters with identical qualifications were sent out in response to job advertisements: one applicant had a German name, one a Turkish name, and one had a Turkish name and was wearing a headscarf in the photograph included in the application material. Germany was the ideal location for the experiment as job seekers typically attach their picture to their résumé. High levels of discrimination were found particularly against the migrant wearing a headscarf.

Keywords: discrimination, Muslim religion, headscarf, hiring, experiment

JEL Classification: C93, J15, J71

Suggested Citation

Weichselbaumer, Doris, Discrimination Against Female Migrants Wearing Headscarves. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10217, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2842960 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2842960

Doris Weichselbaumer (Contact Author)

Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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