Economic Efficiency of Public Health Programmes for Control of HIV/AIDS Infections in Anambra State

Okafor, S.O., Ike, A.N., Jegbefumwen, K., Ewuru, N.C.(2015). Journal of Economic Studies Vol 12 (1) pp 53-66.

19 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2016

See all articles by Samuel Okafor

Samuel Okafor

Nnamdi Azikiwe University - Department of Economics

Ann Ike

Federal Polytechnic, Nigeria

Kenneth Jegbefumwen

Novena University - Department of Economics

Ngozi Ewurum

Michael Okpara University of Agriculture

Date Written: March 2015

Abstract

The article focused on cost effectiveness of HIV/AIDS prevention strategies in Nigeria. It was designed as a case study. Data were sourced from the Anambra State Agency for HIV/AIDS prevention in Awka and the centres for HIV/AIDS prevention established by NGOs in 2 Awka, Onitsha, and Nnewi. Data were analyzed with Power and Eisenberg’s CER and the X2. Results indicate that: (i) Public and private spending on HIV/AIDS prevention in Nigeria had positive impact on HIV/AIDS control, (2) Counselling and condom distribution were more cost effective than the other strategies, (3) Health effects of counselling and STD treatment were not gender dependent while others were gender biased, (4) Counselling was most effective within the age range 36-56 years, social media within the age range 56 years – above while condom distribution was most effective within the age range 15-35 years. On the basis of the above – stated findings, it was recommended, inter alia, that public health authorities should allocate more funds to counseling and condom distribution.

Keywords: Economic efficiency, public health programme, HIV/AIDS control, health effects

JEL Classification: D6, D63, D7, E22, I1, I28

Suggested Citation

Okafor, Samuel and Ike, Ann and Jegbefumwen, Kenneth and Ewurum, Ngozi, Economic Efficiency of Public Health Programmes for Control of HIV/AIDS Infections in Anambra State (March 2015). Okafor, S.O., Ike, A.N., Jegbefumwen, K., Ewuru, N.C.(2015). Journal of Economic Studies Vol 12 (1) pp 53-66.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2843064

Samuel Okafor (Contact Author)

Nnamdi Azikiwe University - Department of Economics ( email )

Enugu-Onitsha Expressway
Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Awka, Anambra
Nigeria

Ann Ike

Federal Polytechnic, Nigeria

PMB 231
Osun State
Nigeria

Kenneth Jegbefumwen

Novena University - Department of Economics ( email )

Kwale
Nigeria

Ngozi Ewurum

Michael Okpara University of Agriculture ( email )

Umuahia-Ikot Ekpene Road
PMB 7267
Umudike, Abia State 440001
Nigeria

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