Economic Efficiency of Public Health Programmes for Control of HIV/AIDS Infections in Anambra State
Okafor, S.O., Ike, A.N., Jegbefumwen, K., Ewuru, N.C.(2015). Journal of Economic Studies Vol 12 (1) pp 53-66.
19 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2016
Date Written: March 2015
The article focused on cost effectiveness of HIV/AIDS prevention strategies in Nigeria. It was designed as a case study. Data were sourced from the Anambra State Agency for HIV/AIDS prevention in Awka and the centres for HIV/AIDS prevention established by NGOs in 2 Awka, Onitsha, and Nnewi. Data were analyzed with Power and Eisenberg’s CER and the X2. Results indicate that: (i) Public and private spending on HIV/AIDS prevention in Nigeria had positive impact on HIV/AIDS control, (2) Counselling and condom distribution were more cost effective than the other strategies, (3) Health effects of counselling and STD treatment were not gender dependent while others were gender biased, (4) Counselling was most effective within the age range 36-56 years, social media within the age range 56 years – above while condom distribution was most effective within the age range 15-35 years. On the basis of the above – stated findings, it was recommended, inter alia, that public health authorities should allocate more funds to counseling and condom distribution.
Keywords: Economic efficiency, public health programme, HIV/AIDS control, health effects
JEL Classification: D6, D63, D7, E22, I1, I28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation