Leadership, Ethics, Prudence and Justice: Prudence Alone is Not Enough for Decision-Makers
17 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2016
Date Written: September 2, 2016
It is not unusual for management researchers to take the stand that value judgements and, thus, virtues, are an unrealistic approach to management, because what is considered to be realistic is achieving specific results, which may be easier to obtain in the short-run if managers follow some rules not based on morality but on "fact" (i.e., empirical relationships between quantitative results and the actions taken).
We argue that, on the contrary, virtues are crucial for competent decision-making, mainly if we take a dynamic, long-run view of the organization. We then analyze virtues, knowledge, and the relationship between them, to show the interrelationships between prudence, practical wisdom and justice. We argue that the unity of virtues, while it is a desirable end, may have to be acquired through practice, and that, for that purpose, justice has to be the main priority. Justice will then help to develop prudence and, with the other virtues incorporated as well, provide a better future for the organization in all its aspects.
Keywords: Ethics, Virtues, Prudence, Practical Wisdom, Justice
JEL Classification: I31, M14, M15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation