Gender Asymmetries: Dynamic Impacts of an Early-Stage School Intervention in the Philippines

Posted: 28 Sep 2016

See all articles by Yanyan Liu

Yanyan Liu

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: September 27, 2016

Abstract

This paper examines long-term impacts of improved school quality at the elementary school stage on subsequent schooling investments and labor market outcomes using unique data from a recent survey that tracked nearly 3,500 former students in the Philippines. The Third Elementary Education Project (TEEP) intervention introduced a package of investments and management reforms at the school level, including classroom constructions, textbooks, teacher training, and school-based management, implemented in the period of 2000 to 2006. The impacts on subsequent schooling investments and labor market earnings differ between females and males. The intervention significantly increased earnings among females, which reduced the existing wage gap by gender. However, the findings on schooling outcomes are mixed; the gender gap has widened, enhancing females’ existing relative advantage in schooling, though the average impacts are little and insignificant.

Keywords: School Quality, Labor Markets, Gender, Tracking Survey, Philippines

JEL Classification: I21, J16

Suggested Citation

Liu, Yanyan, Gender Asymmetries: Dynamic Impacts of an Early-Stage School Intervention in the Philippines (September 27, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2844254

Yanyan Liu (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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