Bank Networks and Systemic Risk: Evidence from the National Banking Acts
42 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2016 Last revised: 22 Mar 2019
Date Written: February 21, 2019
The National Banking Acts (NBAs) of 1863-1864 established rules governing the amounts and locations of interbank deposits, thereby reshaping the bank networks. Using unique data on bank balance sheets and detailed interbank deposits in 1862 and 1867 in Pennsylvania, we study how the NBAs changed the network structure and quantify the effect on financial stability in an interbank network model. We find that the NBAs induced a concentration of interbank deposits at both the city and bank levels, creating systemically important banks. Although the concentration facilitated diversification, contagion would have become more likely when financial center banks faced large shocks.
Keywords: bank networks, financial interconnectedness, systemic risk, contagion, liquidity withdrawal, the National Banking Acts
JEL Classification: G21, G28, D85, L14, N21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation