Market Risk-Based Capital Requirements, Trading Activity, and Bank Risk
49 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2016 Last revised: 18 Sep 2017
Date Written: September 30, 2016
This study investigates if market risk-based capital requirements (MRR) implemented in 1998 mitigated bank risk associated with trading activities. Recognizing that only banks with sufficiently high trading activities are subject to the MRR (regulated), we implement a difference-in-difference (DID) approach to show that in the post-MRR period, unregulated banks experienced an increase in risk associated with trading activity, while their regulated counterparts enjoyed no appreciable change in trading-related risk. We interpret the resulting negative DID coefficient as evidence of a risk-mitigating effect of the MRR. We also show that upon the implementation of the MRR, unregulated banks exhibit a significantly larger increase in contribution of opaque trading activity to bid-ask spreads, compared to regulated banks, for which the association between trading activity and bid-ask spreads actually declines. Our results are consistent with the view that the MRR significantly reduced moral hazard and adverse selection problems associated with opaque trading activities.
The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Reserve System, or their staff.
Keywords: Market Risk-Based Capital Requirements; Capital Regulations; Trading Activity; Systematic Risk; Idiosyncratic Risk; Information Environment
JEL Classification: G00, G20, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation