China: From Imitator to Innovator?
56 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2016 Last revised: 4 Feb 2019
Date Written: February 1, 2019
We examine the effects of that government policy change and assess how it has impacted firm innovation. To address potential endogeneity concerns, we use the policy change as a quasi-natural experiment and explain the exogenously caused variations. We also use a “difference-in-differences” approach to compare innovative activities of Chinese firm with that of matched U.S. peers, and find that the policy change had a positive effect on Chinese firms’ research spending, as measured by research intensity. We also show that Chinese firms increased their research spending in response to the strategic shift by the government after 2008, relatively outpacing their U.S. peers during the same time period. However, Chinese companies have not yet overtaken their U.S. peers. Rather, they have reduced the gaps between them.
Keywords: China, Innovation, Patents, R&D, Research Intensity
JEL Classification: G28, G30, O31, O32, P31, P34
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