Kinship, Fractionalization and Corruption
102 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2016 Last revised: 16 Sep 2018
Date Written: June 30, 2017
By shaping patterns of relatedness and interaction, marriage practices influence the relative returns to norms of nepotism/favoritism versus norms of impartial cooperation. In-marriage (e.g. consanguineous marriage) yields a relatively closed society of related individuals and thereby encourages favoritism and corruption. Out-marriage creates a relatively open society with increased interaction between non-relatives and strangers, thereby encouraging impartiality. We report a robust association between in-marriage practices and corruption across countries and across Italian provinces. A stylized corruption experiment comparing subjects from two countries with divergent marriage patterns provides complementary evidence that the degree of impartiality varies with marriage patterns.
Keywords: corruption, fractionalization, institutions, mating patterns, consanguinity, experiments
JEL Classification: D7, D0, C9, J1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation