Kinship, Fractionalization and Corruption

102 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2016 Last revised: 1 Jul 2017

Mahsa Akbari

Simon Fraser University (SFU)

Duman Bahrami-Rad

Simon Fraser University (SFU)

Erik O. Kimbrough

Smith Institute for Political Economy and Philosophy; Simon Fraser University

Date Written: June 30, 2017

Abstract

By shaping patterns of relatedness and interaction, marriage practices influence the relative returns to norms of nepotism/favoritism versus norms of impartial cooperation. In-marriage (e.g. consanguineous marriage) yields a relatively closed society of related individuals and thereby encourages favoritism and corruption. Out-marriage creates a relatively open society with increased interaction between non-relatives and strangers, thereby encouraging impartiality. We report a robust association between in-marriage practices and corruption across countries and across Italian provinces. A stylized corruption experiment comparing subjects from two countries with divergent marriage patterns provides complementary evidence that the degree of impartiality varies with marriage patterns.

Keywords: corruption, fractionalization, institutions, mating patterns, consanguinity, experiments

JEL Classification: D7, D0, C9, J1

Suggested Citation

Akbari, Mahsa and Bahrami-Rad, Duman and Kimbrough, Erik O., Kinship, Fractionalization and Corruption (June 30, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2847222 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2847222

Mahsa Akbari

Simon Fraser University (SFU) ( email )

8888 University Drive
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/mahsaakbari27/

Duman Bahrami-Rad

Simon Fraser University (SFU) ( email )

8888 University Drive
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/dumanb/

Erik O. Kimbrough (Contact Author)

Smith Institute for Political Economy and Philosophy ( email )

333 N. Glassell
Orange, CA 92866
United States

Simon Fraser University ( email )

8888 University Drive
WMC4663
Burnaby, BC
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/erikkimbrough/

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