Integrated Water Management in the 21st Century Problems and Solutions
International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences 4(2): 42-46 (2012)
6 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2016
Date Written: October 3, 2016
With more and more population growth increases the standard of living is also increasing demand for clean water. Municipal government responsible should be better coordinated with the region's overall water management. Sustainability of public health, protection of the environment and the economy are key to clean water. More storage of water behind dams and especially in aquifers via artificial recharge is necessary to save water at the time of excess water for use at the time of his absence. Use should be carefully planned and take measures to prevent adverse health effects in the case of groundwater contamination. Almost all of the planet's fresh liquid water occurred in groundwater, its long-term suitability as a water source is threatened by non-Point sources of pollution from agriculture and other sources that are aquifer resources depletion due to groundwater withdrawals exceeding recharge groundwater. Salty waters from drainage should then be handled in an environmentally responsible manner. Some countries can save water by importing most food, goods and electricity from other countries holding more water, so basically they also get water was needed to produce these goods. Water "virtual". Local waters can then be used for high social, ecological, or economic or saved for the future. Climate change global warming caused by carbon dioxide emissions are difficult to predict in space and time. Resulting uncertainties require flexible and integrated water management best to handle excess water, water shortages and weather extremes.
Keywords: Integrated management of water, Population, Underground water storage dams, pollution NonPoint, Sustainability
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