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Reflections on Seminole Rock: The Past, Present, and Future of Deference to Agency Regulatory Interpretations

77 Pages Posted: 7 Oct 2016 Last revised: 10 Aug 2017

Aaron Nielson

Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School

Sanne H. Knudsen

University of Washington - School of Law

Amy J. Wildermuth

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law

Aditya Bamzai

University of Virginia - School of Law

Richard J. Pierce Jr.

George Washington University Law School

Cynthia Barmore

Independent

William M. Yeatman

Competitive Enterprise Institute

Christopher J. Walker

Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law

Kevin M. Stack

Vanderbilt University - Law School

Andy Grewal

University of Iowa - College of Law

Steve R. Johnson

Florida State University - College of Law

F. Andrew Hessick

University of North Carolina School of Law

Jonathan H. Adler

Case Western Reserve University School of Law; PERC - Property and Environment Research Center

Catherine M. Sharkey

New York University School of Law

David Joseph Feder

Munger, Tolles & Olson, LLP

Cass R. Sunstein

Harvard Law School; Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Adrian Vermeule

Harvard Law School

Ronald M. Levin

Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law

Kevin O. Leske

Barry University - Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law

James Cleith Phillips

University of California, Berkeley, School of Law, Students

Daniel Ortner

Utah Supreme Court

Gillian E. Metzger

Columbia University - Law School

William Funk

Lewis & Clark Law School

Kristin E. Hickman

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law

Jeffrey A. Pojanowski

Notre Dame Law School

Adam J. White

The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace

Conor Clarke

Yale University, Law School

Date Written: October 4, 2016

Abstract

Seminole Rock (or Auer) deference has captured the attention of scholars, policymakers, and the judiciary. That is why Notice & Comment, the blog of the Yale Journal on Regulation and the American Bar Association’s Section of Administrative Law & Regulatory Practice, hosted an online symposium from September 12 to September 23, 2016 on the subject. This symposium contains over 20 contributions addressing different aspects of Seminole Rock deference.

Topics include:

History of Seminole Rock

Empirical Examinations of Seminole Rock

Understanding Seminole Rock Within Agencies

Understanding Seminole Rock as Applied to Tax, Environmental Law, and Criminal Sentencing

Why Seminole Rock Matters

Should the Supreme Court Overrule Seminole Rock?

Would Overruling Seminole Rock Have Unintended Consequences?

What Might the Supreme Court Do?

What Might Congress Do?

The Future of Seminole Rock?

Keywords: Administrative Agencies, Seminole Rock, Auer, What Is New in Administrative Law, Deference, Chevron

JEL Classification: K23, K20, K30, K32, K34

Suggested Citation

Nielson, Aaron and Knudsen, Sanne H. and Wildermuth, Amy J. and Bamzai, Aditya and Pierce, Richard J. and Barmore, Cynthia and Yeatman, William M. and Walker, Christopher J. and Stack, Kevin M. and Grewal, Andy and Johnson, Steve R. and Hessick, F. Andrew and Adler, Jonathan H. and Sharkey, Catherine M. and Feder, David Joseph and Sunstein, Cass R. and Vermeule, Adrian and Levin, Ronald M. and Leske, Kevin O. and Phillips, James Cleith and Ortner, Daniel and Metzger, Gillian E. and Funk, William and Hickman, Kristin E. and Pojanowski, Jeffrey A. and White, Adam J. and Clarke, Conor, Reflections on Seminole Rock: The Past, Present, and Future of Deference to Agency Regulatory Interpretations (October 4, 2016). Yale Journal of Regulation, Notice & Comment Blog; Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2847668; Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-41; Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-38. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2847668

Aaron Nielson (Contact Author)

Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School ( email )

430 JRCB
Brigham Young University
Provo, UT 84602
United States

Sanne Knudsen

University of Washington - School of Law ( email )

William H. Gates Hall
Box 353020
Seattle, WA 98105-3020
United States

Amy Wildermuth

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law ( email )

1645 E. Campus Center
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
United States
801-585-9694 (Phone)
801-581-6897 (Fax)

Aditya Bamzai

University of Virginia - School of Law ( email )

580 Massie Road
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States

Richard Pierce

George Washington University Law School ( email )

2000 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20052
United States
202-994-1549 (Phone)
202-994-5157 (Fax)

Cynthia Barmore

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

William Yeatman

Competitive Enterprise Institute ( email )

1310 L. Street, NW
7th Floor
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Christopher Walker

Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law ( email )

55 West 12th Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210
United States
614-292-2631 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://moritzlaw.osu.edu/faculty/professor/christopher-j-walker/

Kevin Stack

Vanderbilt University - Law School ( email )

131 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203-1181
United States

Amandeep Grewal

University of Iowa - College of Law ( email )

Melrose and Byington
Iowa City, IA 52242
United States

Steve Johnson

Florida State University - College of Law ( email )

425 W. Jefferson Street
Room R210
Tallahassee, FL 32306
United States
850-644-1777 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.fsu.edu/faculty/sjohnson.html

F. Hessick

University of North Carolina School of Law ( email )

Van Hecke-Wettach Hall, 160 Ridge Road
CB #3380
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3380
United States

Jonathan Adler

Case Western Reserve University School of Law ( email )

11075 East Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44106-7148
United States
216-368-2535 (Phone)
216-368-2086 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.jhadler.net

PERC - Property and Environment Research Center

2048 Analysis Drive
Suite A
Bozeman, MT 59718
United States

Catherine Sharkey

New York University School of Law ( email )

40 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012-1099
United States
212-998-6729 (Phone)

David Feder

Munger, Tolles & Olson, LLP ( email )

CA
United States

Cass Sunstein

Harvard Law School ( email )

1575 Massachusetts Ave
Areeda Hall 225
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-496-2291 (Phone)

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Adrian Vermeule

Harvard Law School ( email )

1525 Massachusetts
Griswold 500
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Ronald Levin

Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law ( email )

Campus Box 1120
St. Louis, MO 63130
United States
314-935-6490 (Phone)
314-935-5356 (Fax)

Kevin Leske

Barry University - Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law ( email )

6441 East Colonial Drive
Orlando, FL 32807
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.barry.edu/law/future-students/faculty/staff/leske.html

James Phillips

University of California, Berkeley, School of Law, Students ( email )

Berkeley, CA
United States

Daniel Ortner

Utah Supreme Court ( email )

450 South State Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84114
United States

Gillian Metzger

Columbia University - Law School ( email )

435 West 116th Street
Jerome Greene Hall, Mailbox: C-11
New York, NY 10027
United States
212-854-2667 (Phone)
212-854-7946 (Fax)

William Funk

Lewis & Clark Law School ( email )

10015 S.W. Terwilliger Blvd.
Portland, OR 97219-7799
United States
503-768-6606 (Phone)
503-768-6671 (Fax)

Kristin Hickman

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law ( email )

229 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States
612-624-2915 (Phone)

Jeffrey Pojanowski

Notre Dame Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 780
Notre Dame, IN 46556-0780
United States

Adam White

The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305-6010
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.hoover.org/profiles/adam-j-white

Conor Clarke

Yale University, Law School ( email )

127 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
United States

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