How the Sentencing Commission Does and Does Not Matter in Beckles v. United States

165 U. Penn. L. Rev. Online 33 (2016)

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-51

15 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2016 Last revised: 19 Oct 2016

Leah M. Litman

University of California, Irvine School of Law

Luke Beasley

Harvard University, Law School, Students

Date Written: October 5, 2016

Abstract

This Essay considers how significant the differences between the Armed Career Criminal Act and the Sentencing Guidelines are to one question the Supreme Court is poised to address in Beckles v. United States -- namely, whether a rule invalidating the so-called "residual clause" in the Sentencing Guidelines applies retroactively to cases on collateral review. This Essay collects evidence from resentencings that have occurred after courts have found the Guidelines' residual clause invalid. These resentencings have resulted in defendants receiving significantly less prison time. The extent to which a rule invalidating the Guidelines' residual clause affects defendants' sentences -- often significantly -- justifies revisiting defendants' sentences because whatever finality interests exist in the defendants' sentences are outweighed by the effects that a rule invalidating the Guidelines' residual clause has on the amount of prison time defendants serve. The Supreme Court should also not hesitate to make a rule invalidating the Guideline retroactive because the Sentencing Commission decided not to make retroactive an amendment deleting the Guideline's residual clause. The Commission never investigated how difficult it would be to make that amendment retroactive.

Suggested Citation

Litman, Leah M. and Beasley, Luke, How the Sentencing Commission Does and Does Not Matter in Beckles v. United States (October 5, 2016). 165 U. Penn. L. Rev. Online 33 (2016); UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-51. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2848063

Leah M. Litman (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine School of Law ( email )

401 E. Peltason Dr.
Ste. 1000
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States

Luke Beasley

Harvard University, Law School, Students

1563 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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