Small Amount Credit Contract Reforms in Australia: Household Survey Evidence and Analysis
27 Journal of Banking and Finance Law and Practice 203, (2016)
26 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2016 Last revised: 19 Apr 2017
Date Written: July 11, 2016
A review of small amount credit contract regulation in Australia began in 2015 as mandated under section 335A of the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 (Cth). The review panel sought comprehensive data on industry and consumer characteristics and trends. To provide such evidence, consumer groups commissioned original empirical research using data collected from a longitudinal survey that monitors the financial position and attitudes of Australian households. This data on household use of small amount credit contract loans was extracted for the last decade, allowing detailed analysis of the historical patterns and developing trends. The data indicates that overall demand for small amount short duration credit is growing in Australia, the consumer base is broadening, and the predominant form of lending today is online. Deeper analysis highlights the varying motivations of borrower households and their different stages and levels of financial difficulty. It also confirms the socio-economic, employment, educational and financial disadvantages of most households using these loans and their vulnerability to adverse changes in personal circumstances and negative external shocks.
Keywords: Payday Lending, Credit Reform, Credit Regulation, Small Amount Credit
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