Jurisdiction, Foundations

Forthcoming in Elgar Encyclopedia of Private International Law (Jürgen Basedow et al. eds.)

Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-53

28 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2016 Last revised: 24 Nov 2016

See all articles by Ralf Michaels

Ralf Michaels

Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law

Date Written: October 7, 2016

Abstract

This Encyclopedia entry discusses the following topics: I. Introduction 1. Terminology and concepts 2. International jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction 3. Direct and indirect jurisdiction II. Levels of Regulation 1. First level: higher law constraints a) Public international law, b) Constitutional law 2. Second level: specific rules 3. Third level: discretion on a case-by-case level a) Common law, especially forum non conveniens, b) Discretion in civil law systems III. Interests, theories, and paradigms 1. Interests a) Party interests/private factors, b) Court interests/public factors, c) Structural interests/interests of the international system 2. Theories a) Power theories, b) Relational theories, c) Fairness theories 3. Paradigms a) ‘Us or Them’ – the European paradigm, b) ‘In or Out’ – the US paradigm IV. Bases 1. Consent 2. Proximity a) Territoriality, b) Personality, c) State interests 3. Extraordinary bases a) Exorbitant jurisdiction b) Jurisdiction of necessity c) Universal jurisdiction

Keywords: Forum non conveniens, Jurisdiction direct and indirect, Jurisdiction in personam and in rem, Jurisdiction levels of regulation, Jurisdiction of necessity, subject matter Jurisdiction, Lis alibi pe

Suggested Citation

Michaels, Ralf, Jurisdiction, Foundations (October 7, 2016). Forthcoming in Elgar Encyclopedia of Private International Law (Jürgen Basedow et al. eds.); Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-53. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2849467

Ralf Michaels (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law ( email )

Mittelweg 187
Hamburg, D-20148
Germany

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