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On the Economics and Politics of Refugee Migration

67 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2016  

Christian Dustmann

University College London; Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Francesco Fasani

Queen Mary, University of London

Tommaso Frattini

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA); University of Milan - Department of Economics, Business and Statistics

Luigi Minale

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Uta Schönberg

University of Rochester; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 2016

Abstract

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of refugee migration, with emphasis on the current refugee crisis. After first reviewing the institutional framework laid out by the Geneva Convention for Refugees, we demonstrate that, despite numerous attempts at developing a common European asylum policy, EU countries continue to differ widely in interpretation and implementation. We then describe key features of the current refugee crisis and document the overall magnitudes and types of refugee movements, illegal border crossings, and asylum applications to EU member states. We next turn to the economics of refugee migrations, contrasting economic and refugee migrants, discussing the trade-offs between long-term asylum and temporary protection, and highlighting the economic advantages of increasingly coordinating the different national asylum policies. Finally, we illustrate the economic integration of past refugee migrants to EU countries and conclude with several policy recommendations.

Keywords: Asylum Policy, asylum seekers, refugee crisis

JEL Classification: F22, J15, J61

Suggested Citation

Dustmann, Christian and Fasani, Francesco and Frattini, Tommaso and Minale, Luigi and Schönberg, Uta, On the Economics and Politics of Refugee Migration (October 2016). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP11557. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2850399

Christian Dustmann (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom
+44 20 7679 5832 (Phone)
+44 20 7916 2775 (Fax)

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Francesco Fasani

Queen Mary, University of London ( email )

Tommaso Frattini

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

Via P. Amedeo 34
Milano, Mi 20122
Italy

University of Milan - Department of Economics, Business and Statistics ( email )

Via Festa del Perdono, 7
Milan, 20122
Italy

Luigi Minale

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid ( email )

CL. de Madrid 126
Madrid, 28903
Spain

Uta Schönberg

University of Rochester ( email )

Rochester, NY 14627
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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