Hours Worked in Europe and the US: New Data, New Answers

46 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2016

See all articles by Alexander Bick

Alexander Bick

Arizona State University (ASU) - Economics Department

Bettina Brüggemann

McMaster University

Nicola Fuchs-Schundeln

Goethe University Frankfurt

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 25, 2016

Abstract

We use national labor force surveys from 1983 through 2011 to construct hours worked per person on the aggregate level and for different demographic groups for 18 European countries and the US. We find that Europeans work 19% fewer hours than US citizens. Differences in weeks worked and in the educational composition each account for one third to one half of this gap. Lower hours per person than in the US are in addition driven by lower weekly hours worked in Scandinavia and Western Europe, but by lower employment rates in Eastern and Southern Europe.

Keywords: labor supply, employment, hours worked, Europe-US hours gap, demographic structure

JEL Classification: E240, J210, J220

Suggested Citation

Bick, Alexander and Brüggemann, Bettina and Fuchs-Schundeln, Nicola, Hours Worked in Europe and the US: New Data, New Answers (August 25, 2016). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6068. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2851777

Alexander Bick

Arizona State University (ASU) - Economics Department ( email )

Tempe, AZ 85287-3806
United States

Bettina Brüggemann

McMaster University ( email )

Hamilton
Canada

Nicola Fuchs-Schundeln (Contact Author)

Goethe University Frankfurt ( email )

Grueneburgplatz 1
Frankfurt am Main, 60323
Germany

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